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A new topology of the HK97-like fold revealed in Bordetella bacteriophage by cryoEM at 3.5 A resolution.

  • Author(s): Zhang, Xing
  • Guo, Huatao
  • Jin, Lei
  • Czornyj, Elizabeth
  • Hodes, Asher
  • Hui, Wong H
  • Nieh, Angela W
  • Miller, Jeff F
  • Zhou, Z Hong
  • et al.
Abstract

Bacteriophage BPP-1 infects and kills Bordetella species that cause whooping cough. Its diversity-generating retroelement (DGR) provides a naturally occurring phage-display system, but engineering efforts are hampered without atomic structures. Here, we report a cryo electron microscopy structure of the BPP-1 head at 3.5 Å resolution. Our atomic model shows two of the three protein folds representing major viral lineages: jellyroll for its cement protein (CP) and HK97-like ('Johnson') for its major capsid protein (MCP). Strikingly, the fold topology of MCP is permuted non-circularly from the Johnson fold topology previously seen in viral and cellular proteins. We illustrate that the new topology is likely the only feasible alternative of the old topology. β-sheet augmentation and electrostatic interactions contribute to the formation of non-covalent chainmail in BPP-1, unlike covalent inter-protein linkages of the HK97 chainmail. Despite these complex interactions, the termini of both CP and MCP are ideally positioned for DGR-based phage-display engineering. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01299.001.

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