Quality control of mRNAs at the entry of the nuclear pore: Cooperation in a complex molecular system.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1080/19491034.2018.1439304
Despite extensive research on how mRNAs are quality controlled prior to export into the cytoplasm, the exact underlying mechanisms are still under debate. Specifically, it is unclear how quality control proteins at the entry of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) distinguish normal and aberrant mRNAs. While some of the involved components are suggested to act as switches and recruit different factors to normal versus aberrant mRNAs, some experimental and computational evidence suggests that the combined effect of the regulated stochastic interactions between the involved components could potentially achieve an efficient quality control of mRNAs. In this review, we present a state-of-the-art portrait of the mRNA quality control research and discuss the current hypotheses proposed for dynamics of the cooperation between the involved components and how it leads to their shared goal: mRNA quality control prior to export into the cytoplasm.