Spin extraction theory and its relevance to spintronics
Extraction of electrons from a semiconductor to a ferromagnet as well as the case of injection in the reverse direction may be formulated as a scattering theory. However, the presence of bound states at the interface arising out of doping on the semiconductor side must be taken into account in the scattering theory. Inclusion of the interface states yields an explanation of a recent result of spin-imaging measurement which contradicts the current understanding of spin extraction. The importance of an extraction theory to spintronics is illustrated by an application to a spin switch.