Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UC San Francisco Previously Published Works bannerUCSF

Clinical and Echocardiographic Correlates of Left Atrial Function Index: The Framingham Offspring Study



Left atrial (LA) remodeling is a predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We performed measurement of the LA function index (LAFI), a composite measure of LA structure and function, in a community-based cohort and here report the distribution and cross-sectional correlates of LAFI.


In 1,719 Framingham Offspring Study participants (54% women, mean age 66 ± 9 years), we derived LAFI from the LA emptying fraction, left ventricular (LV) outflow tract velocity time integral, and indexed maximal LA volume. We used multivariable linear regression to assess the clinical and echocardiographic correlates of LAFI adjusting for age, sex, anthropometric measurements, and CVD risk factors.


The average LAFI was 35.2 ± 12.1. Overall, LAFI declined with advancing age (β = -0.27, P < .001). LAFI was significantly higher (37.5 ± 11.6) in a subgroup of participants free of CVD and CVD risk factors compared with those with either of these conditions (34.5 ± 12.2). In multivariable models, LAFI was inversely related to antihypertensive use (β = -1.26, P = .038), prevalent atrial fibrillation (β = -4.46, P = .001), heart failure (β = -5.86, P = .008), and coronary artery disease (β = -2.01, P = .046). In models adjusting for echocardiographic variables, LAFI was directly related to LV ejection fraction (β = 14.84, P < .001) and inversely related to LV volume (β = -7.03, P < .001).


LAFI was inversely associated with antihypertensive use and prevalent CVD and was related to established echocardiographic traits of LV remodeling. Our results offer normative ranges for LAFI in a white community-based sample and suggest that LAFI represents a marker of pathological atrial remodeling.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View