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Magnetic property in the ferromagnetic superconductor UGe 2 at pressures above the ferromagnetic critical pressure

Abstract

We have studied the high-pressure magnetic property in UGe 2 where ferromagnetic superconductivity appears under high pressure. In this study, we focus on the magnetic property at pressures above the ferromagnetic critical pressure P c =1.6 GPa. The temperature and magnetic field dependences of the dc-magnetization have been measured under high pressures up to 5.1 GPa by using a ceramic anvil high pressure cell. At pressures above P c , the magnetic susceptibility x shows a broad maximum around T χmax and the magnetization at 2.0 K shows an abrupt increase (metamagnetic transition) at H c . With increasing pressure, the peak structure in x becomes broader, and the peak position T χmax moves to the higher temperature region. The metamagnetic field H c increases rapidly with increasing pressure. At pressures above 4.1 GPa, x shows a simple temperature dependence, and the magnetization increases linearly with increasing field. These phenomena in UGe 2 resemble to those in the intermetallic compounds of 3d transition metals such as Co(S 1-x Se x ) and YCo 2 . We discuss the experimental results by using the phenomenological spin-fluctuation theory. © 2013 The Korean Physical Society.

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