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Observer-based Synchronization of Multi-agent Systems Using Intermittent Output Measurements


The problem of synchronizing multiple continuous-time linear time-invariant systems connected over a complex network, with intermittently available measurements of their outputs, is considered. To solve this problem, we propose a distributed observer-based feedback controller that utilizes a local hybrid observer to estimate neighboring states only from output measurements at such potentially nonperiodic isolated event times. Due to the inherent continuous and discrete dynamics emerging from coupling the impulsive measurement updates and the interconnected networked systems, we use hybrid systems to model and analyze the resulting closed-loop system. The problem of synchronization and state estimation is then recast as a set stabilization problem, and, utilizing a Lyapunov-based analysis for hybrid systems, we provide sufficient conditions for global exponential stability of the synchronization and zero estimation error set. A numerical example is provided to illustrate the results.

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