Enhanced luminance of organic light-emitting diodes with metal nanoparticle electron injection layer
- Author(s): Liu, Deang
- Fina, Michael
- Ren, Li
- Mao, Samuel S.
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-009-5199-x
Improvement of the performance of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) was achieved by implementing Magnesium-Nickel nanoparticles at the cathode–organic interface using pulsed laser deposition technique. The small geometry of Mg-Ni nanoparticles acts to enhance the localized electric field around them, thus increasing electron injection through tunneling, from the cathode to the organic layer. Improved current and luminance characteristics were demonstrated for both small molecule and polymer-based OLEDs when the nanoparticle layer was incorporated.