The Cyclical Behavior of Interest Rates
- Author(s): Roma, Antonio
- Torous, Walter N.
- et al.
This paper investigates the behavior of the term structure of interest rates over the business cycle. In contrast to the simple change in aggregate economic activity used in previous research, we use a more appropiate measure of the business cycle: the deviation of aggregate economic activity from its potentially stochastic trend. Stochastically detrending Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by Watson's  UC-ARMA methodology significantly improves the term spread's informativeness regarding future economic activity. We also investigage the implications of the UC-ARIMA representation of aggregate consumption dynamics for a linear consumption based model of the term structure. The presence of an unobserved by independent cyclical component in aggregate consumption also allows for the more efficient estimation of consumption asset pricing models.