Does sufficient evidence exist to support a causal association between vitamin D status and cardiovascular disease risk? An assessment using Hill's criteria for causality.
- Author(s): Esquivel, Jill
- Weyland, PG
- Grant, WB
- Howie-Esquivel, J
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttp://europepmc.org/articles/PMC4179168?pdf=render
Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels have been found to be inversely associated with both prevalent and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors; dyslipidemia, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. This review looks for evidence of a causal a