Incorporating Individual Activity Arrival and Duration Preferences within a Time-of-day Travel Disutility Formulation of the Household Activity Pattern Problem (HAPP)
This dissertation provides modifications and extensions to the Household Activity Pattern Problem (HAPP) to help move existing formulations from a laboratory prototype toward a more useable activity-based demand modeling product. Previous research on HAPP has been based on a pickup and delivery problem with time window constraints (PDPTW), which does not lend itself easily to application that is compatible with an activity-based forecasting model. Meanwhile, other research on activity-based modeling lacks of the integration of household decisions regarding time-of-day arrival, activity duration and traffic congestion effects on travel. We borrow concepts from economic research and consider that each household member tries to obtain maximum utility by choosing arrival time of activities, choosing activity duration while minimizing travel times and travel costs throughout the course of the day.