Preliminary experience with intravascular ultrasound guided Palmaz-Schatz coronary stenting: the acute and short-term results on a consecutive series of patients.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8183.1994.tb00897.x
The purpose of this study was to prospectively test the hypothesis that systemic anticoagulation is not needed following coronary stenting when adequate stent expansion is achieved and documented and other flow limitations eliminated. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) was used to confirm adequate stent expansion, which was defined as good plaque compression together with the achievement of an intrastent lumen cross-sectional area (CSA) that was greater than 40% of the average reference vessel CSA. In this prospective study, Palmaz-Schatz coronary stenting was performed on 343 lesions in 263 consecutive patients. Primary stenting was successful in 254 patients (96.6%) and 332 lesions (96.8%). All patients with successful primary stenting underwent IVUS imaging except nine patients (13 lesions) that did not have an IVUS evaluation for technical reasons and three patients (4 lesions) in which IVUS was unsuccessful. The initial IVUS performed after achieving an acceptable angiographic result revealed inadequate stent expansion in 191 patients (79%) and 244 lesions (77%). After further dilatation, final adequate stent expansion was accomplished in 230 patients and 301 lesions. These patients were treated with Ticlopidine 250 mg twice per day for 2 months and did not receive postprocedure anticoagulation. There was one acute stent thrombosis (0.3%) that occurred in a lesion with slow flow and an inadequately expanded stent. There was no subacute stent thrombosis and no bleeding or vascular complications. We conclude that when adequate stent expansion is achieved and confirmed and other flow limiting lesions eliminated, that systemic anticoagulation after the stent procedure is not necessary.