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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Tat-NR2B9c prevents excitotoxic neuronal superoxide production

  • Author(s): Chen, Y
  • Brennan-Minnella, AM
  • Sheth, S
  • El-Benna, J
  • Swanson, RA
  • et al.

© 2015 ISCBFM. The Tat-NR2B9c peptide has shown clinical efficacy as a neuroprotective agent in acute stroke. Tat-NR2B9c is designed to prevent nitric oxide (NO) production by preventing postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95) binding to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and neuronal nitric oxide synthase; however, PSD-95 is a scaffolding protein that also couples NMDA receptors to other downstream effects. Here, using neuronal cultures, we show that Tat-NR2B9c also prevents NMDA-induced activation of neuronal NADPH oxidase, thereby blocking superoxide production. Given that both superoxide and NO are required for excitotoxic injury, the neuroprotective effect of Tat-NR2B9c may alternatively be attributable to uncoupling neuronal NADPH oxidase from NMDA receptor activation.

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