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Enhanced high-order harmonic generation driven by a wavefront corrected high-energy laser


We developed and implemented an experimental setup for the generation of high-energy high-order harmonics in argon gas for nonlinear experiments in the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) spectral range. High-order harmonics were generated by loosely focusing a high-energy laser pulse centered around 800 nm into a gas cell filled with argon in a phase-matching condition. The wavefront distortions of the driving pulse were corrected by a deformable mirror, and the XUV conversion efficiency was significantly improved due to the excellent beam profile at focus. A high-damage-threshold beam splitter was used to eliminate high-energy driving pulses co-propagating with high-order harmonics. The setup has a potential to provide intense ultrashort XUV pulses reaching the intensity levels required for nonlinear experiments in the XUV spectral range.

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