The role of episodic and semantic memory in the development of trait self-knowledge
- Author(s): Klein, SB
- Sherman, JW
- Loftus, J
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1521/soco.19184.108.40.2067
Research by Klein and Loftus (e.g., Klein & Loftus, 1993a, 1993c) has suggested that the development of trait self-knowledge follows a particular sequence. When people have performed relatively few trait-relevant behaviors, their trait knowledge is represented episodically; but as their trait-relevant behaviors increase, they begin to abstract trait knowledge from behavioral episodes and represent it in semantic form. The present research updates this model by showing that even when trait-relevant experience is low, semantic knowledge of one's traits is available and it can serve as the basis for trait self-judgments.