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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Focused and defocused retinal images with Bessel and axicon pupil functions.

  • Author(s): Westheimer, Gerald
  • et al.

Retinal image light distributions in a standard optical model of a diffraction-limited eye with round pupils are presented for several patterns of amplitude and phase modulation of the light admitted into the eye. Of special interest are circularly symmetrical configurations of truncated Bessel amplitude transmission functions, and of light subjected to axicon deviation. It is shown by several examples that this kind of beam shaping allows generation of retinal imagery, which can be more robust to defocus while maintaining minimal image degradation, and it points to situations of two separate zones simultaneously in sharp focus, several diopters apart.

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