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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Design Study of a 16-T Block Dipole for FCC

  • Author(s): Sabbi, G
  • Blomberg Ghini, J
  • Gourlay, SA
  • Marchevsky, M
  • Ravaioli, E
  • Ten Kate, H
  • Verweij, A
  • Wang, X
  • et al.

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The Future Circular Collider (FCC) study at CERN is investigating the design of a proton-proton collider with a center of mass energy of 100 TeV and a tunnel circumference of 100 km (FCC-hh). Nb Sn arc dipoles with 50-mm aperture and 16-T operating field are required for this application. Among the possible magnetic layouts, block coils offer attractive features, in terms of conductor packing, separation between high-field and high-stress locations, use of flat cables, and simpler geometries for windings and parts. In order to assess these potential advantages, the HD series of block-coil models was developed at LBNL. These models achieved fields of 15-16 T in technology tests, and 13-14 T in accelerator relevant configurations, with bore diameters of 36-43 mm. In this paper, we discuss the implications of increasing the bore diameter to 50 mm, which is consistent with the latest FCC-hh design targets. A detailed quench protection analysis is performed using the new coupling-loss-based CLIQ system, expanding the safe parameter space with respect to the traditional approach based on quench heaters. Finally, alternative magnet design options, and further studies required to select among them, are outlined. 3

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