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Novel computational method for predicting polytherapy switching strategies to overcome tumor heterogeneity and evolution

  • Author(s): Jonsson, VD
  • Blakely, CM
  • Lin, L
  • Asthana, S
  • Matni, N
  • Olivas, V
  • Pazarentzos, E
  • Gubens, MA
  • Bastian, BC
  • Taylor, BS
  • Doyle, JC
  • Bivona, TG
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1038/srep44206
Abstract

© The Author(s) 2017. The success of targeted cancer therapy is limited by drug resistance that can result from tumor genetic heterogeneity. The current approach to address resistance typically involves initiating a new treatment after clinical/radiographic disease progression, ultimately resulting in futility in most patients. Towards a potential alternative solution, we developed a novel computational framework that uses human cancer profiling data to systematically identify dynamic, pre-emptive, and sometimes non-intuitive treatment strategies that can better control tumors in real-time. By studying lung adenocarcinoma clinical specimens and preclinical models, our computational analyses revealed that the best anti-cancer strategies addressed existing resistant subpopulations as they emerged dynamically during treatment. In some cases, the best computed treatment strategy used unconventional therapy switching while the bulk tumor was responding, a prediction we confirmed in vitro. The new framework presented here could guide the principled implementation of dynamic molecular monitoring and treatment strategies to improve cancer control.

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