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Computational Aspects of Cognition and Consciousness in Intelligent Devices

  • Author(s): Kozma, Robert
  • Tunstel, Eddie
  • Aghazarian, Hrand
  • Huntsberger, Terry
  • Freeman, Walter J, III
  • et al.
Abstract

We review computational intelligence methods of sensory perception and cognitive functions in animals, humans, and artificial devices. Top-down symbolic methods and bottom-up sub-symbolic approaches are described. In recent years, computational intelligence, cognitive science and neuroscience have achieved a level of maturity that allows integration of top-down and bottom- up approaches in modeling the brain. Continuous adaptation and learning is a key component of computationally intelligent devices, which is achieved using dynamic models of cognition and consciousness. Human cognition performs a granulation of the seemingly homogeneous temporal sequences of perceptual experiences into meaningful and comprehensible chunks of concepts and complex behavioral schemas. They are accessed during action selection and conscious decision making as part of the intentional cognitive cycle. Implementations in computational and robotic environments are demonstrated.

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