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Ion irradiation of Fe-Fe oxide core-shell nanocluster films: Effect of interface on stability of magnetic properties

  • Author(s): McCloy, JS
  • Jiang, W
  • Droubay, TC
  • Varga, T
  • Kovarik, L
  • Sundararajan, JA
  • Kaur, M
  • Qiang, Y
  • Burks, EC
  • Liu, K
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4818309
Abstract

A cluster deposition method was used to produce films of loosely aggregated nanoclusters (NCs) of Fe core-Fe3O4shell or fully oxidized Fe3O4. Films of these NC on Si(100) or MgO(100)/Fe3O4(100) were irradiated to 1016Si2+/cm2near room temperature using an ion accelerator. Ion irradiation creates structural change in the NC film with corresponding chemical and magnetic changes which depend on the initial oxidation state of the cluster. Films were characterized using magnetometry (hysteresis, first order reversal curves), microscopy (transmission electron, helium ion), and x-ray diffraction. In all cases, the particle sizes increased due to ion irradiation, and when a core of Fe is present, irradiation reduces the oxide shells to lower valent Fe species. These results show that ion irradiated behavior of the NC films depends strongly on the initial nanostructure and chemistry, but in general saturation magnetization decreases slightly. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

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