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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Long-term follow-up of urethral reconstruction for blunt urethral injury at a young age: urinary and sexual quality of life outcomes.

  • Author(s): Baradaran, N
  • McAninch, JW
  • Copp, HL
  • Quanstrom, K
  • Breyer, BN
  • Hampson, LA
  • et al.

INTRODUCTION:Little is known about long-term patient-reported outcomes following surgical repair for pediatric blunt urethral trauma. OBJECTIVE:The purpose was to evaluate long-term urinary outcomes, sexual function, and quality of life (QOL) of patients who undergo urethroplasty for blunt urethral trauma in childhood. STUDY DESIGN:After IRB approval, we retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who sustained blunt urethral injury at ≤18 years and underwent urethroplasty at our institution between 1978 and 2013. We then used a web-based survey to assess urinary/sexual/ejaculatory function and overall QOL using validated questionnaires. RESULTS:Of 68 eligible patients, 15 were able to be contacted (table). Median age of injury, age at urethroplasty, and age at follow-up were 17 (4-18), 17 (5-20), and 19 (13.5-21.5) years, respectively. The stricture was membranoprostatic in eight and bulbar in seven patients, with median length of 2 (1.6-2.6) cm. Excision/primary anastomosis was performed in all but three patients who required a buccal graft. Overall, 80% were 'very satisfied' and 20% were 'satisfied' with surgery. One patient reported a subsequent urethral intervention. On urethral stricture surgery patient-reported outcome measurement, the median bother (0 least, 24 worst) was 10 (8-12.5). The force of urine stream (1 strongest, 4 weakest) was 2 (1.5-2), with no report of urinary incontinence. The median Sexual Health Inventory for Men score (0 worst, 25 perfect) was 24 (22.5-24). The median ejaculatory function score (0 worst, 15 normal) was 14 (13-14.75). Six patients had fathered children and none reported infertility. Three patients reported <30° penile curvature not interfering with sex. Median QOL (0 worse, 10 best) was 8 (7.5-8). CONCLUSIONS:Urethroplasty after blunt urethral injury in young adult population is associated with a high long-term success rate with a low rate of long-term urinary and sexual consequences in adulthood.

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