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Effect of semaglutide on coronary atherosclerosis progression in patients with type II diabetes: rationale and design of the semaglutide treatment on coronary progressiontrial.

  • Author(s): Hamal, Sajad
  • Cherukuri, Lavanya
  • Birudaraju, Divya
  • Kinninger, April
  • Doshi, Jay
  • Shaikh, Kashif
  • Budoff, Matthew J
  • et al.
Abstract

BACKGROUND:Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are a major burden in patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus. In a landmark study, semaglutide (an injectable glucagon like peptide-1 receptor agonist) has been shown to significantly reduce cardiovascular events, however, the mechanism of benefit is still unknown. The primary hypothesis of our current study is to assess the effect of semaglutide to reduce progression of noncalcified coronary atherosclerotic plaque volume as measured by serial coronary CTA as compared to placebo in persons with diabetes over 1 year. METHODS:One hundred forty patients will be enrolled after signing informed consent and followed up for 12 months and with a phone call 30 days after medical discontinuation. All the participants will undergo coronary artery calcium scoring and coronary computed tomography angiography at our center at baseline and 12 months. Eligible participants will be randomly assigned to semaglutide 2 mg/1.5 ml (1.34 mg/ml) prefilled pen for subcutaneous (SC) injection or placebo 1.5 ml, pen-injector for SC injection in a 1:1 fashion as add-on to their standard of care. RESULTS:As of July 2019, the study was approximately 30% enrolled with an estimated enrollment completion by first quarter of 2020 and end of study by first quarter 2021. Thirty patients were enrolled as of 23 July 2019. Preliminary data of demographics and clinical characteristics were summarized. CONCLUSION:Our current study will provide important imaging-derived data that may add relevance to the clinically derived outcomes from liraglutide effect and action in diabetes: evaluation of cardiovascular outcome results and semaglutide and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetic mellitus 6 trials.

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