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Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth- grade multiracial cohort: the HEALTHY study.

  • Author(s): HEALTHY Study Group
  • Kaufman, Francine R
  • Hirst, Kathryn
  • Linder, Barbara
  • Baranowski, Tom
  • Cooper, Dan M
  • Foster, Gary D
  • Goldberg, Linn
  • Harrell, Joanne S
  • Marcus, Marsha D
  • Treviño, Roberto P
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1774Creative Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license
Abstract

OBJECTIVE:HEALTHY is a 3-year middle school intervention program designed to reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes risk factors at baseline in a cohort of 6,358 sixth-grade students is reported. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:Forty-two schools at seven U.S. sites were randomly assigned to intervention or control. Students participated in baseline data collection during fall of 2006. RESULTS:Overall, 49.3% of children had BMI >or=85th percentile, 16.0% had fasting blood glucose >or=100 mg/dl (<1% had fasting blood glucose >or=126 mg/dl), and 6.8% had fasting insulin >or=30 microU/ml. Hispanic youth were more likely to have BMI, glucose, and insulin levels above these thresholds than blacks and whites. CONCLUSIONS:Sixth-grade students in schools with large minority populations have high levels of risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The HEALTHY intervention was designed to modify these risk factors to reduce diabetes incidence.

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