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Cryo-EM structure of the mature dengue virus at 3.5-Å resolution.

  • Author(s): Zhang, Xiaokang;
  • Ge, Peng;
  • Yu, Xuekui;
  • Brannan, Jennifer M;
  • Bi, Guoqiang;
  • Zhang, Qinfen;
  • Schein, Stan;
  • Zhou, Z Hong
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1038/nsmb.2463
Abstract

Regulated by pH, membrane-anchored proteins E and M function during dengue virus maturation and membrane fusion. Our atomic model of the whole virion from cryo-electron microscopy at 3.5-Å resolution reveals that in the mature virus at neutral extracellular pH, the N-terminal 20-amino-acid segment of M (involving three pH-sensing histidines) latches and thereby prevents spring-loaded E fusion protein from prematurely exposing its fusion peptide. This M latch is fastened at an earlier stage, during maturation at acidic pH in the trans-Golgi network. At a later stage, to initiate infection in response to acidic pH in the late endosome, M releases the latch and exposes the fusion peptide. Thus, M serves as a multistep chaperone of E to control the conformational changes accompanying maturation and infection. These pH-sensitive interactions could serve as targets for drug discovery.

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