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The impact of skin care products on skin chemistry and microbiome dynamics.

  • Author(s): Bouslimani, Amina
  • da Silva, Ricardo
  • Kosciolek, Tomasz
  • Janssen, Stefan
  • Callewaert, Chris
  • Amir, Amnon
  • Dorrestein, Kathleen
  • Melnik, Alexey V
  • Zaramela, Livia S
  • Kim, Ji-Nu
  • Humphrey, Gregory
  • Schwartz, Tara
  • Sanders, Karenina
  • Brennan, Caitriona
  • Luzzatto-Knaan, Tal
  • Ackermann, Gail
  • McDonald, Daniel
  • Zengler, Karsten
  • Knight, Rob
  • Dorrestein, Pieter C
  • et al.
Abstract

Background

Use of skin personal care products on a regular basis is nearly ubiquitous, but their effects on molecular and microbial diversity of the skin are unknown. We evaluated the impact of four beauty products (a facial lotion, a moisturizer, a foot powder, and a deodorant) on 11 volunteers over 9 weeks.

Results

Mass spectrometry and 16S rRNA inventories of the skin revealed decreases in chemical as well as in bacterial and archaeal diversity on halting deodorant use. Specific compounds from beauty products used before the study remain detectable with half-lives of 0.5-1.9 weeks. The deodorant and foot powder increased molecular, bacterial, and archaeal diversity, while arm and face lotions had little effect on bacterial and archaeal but increased chemical diversity. Personal care product effects last for weeks and produce highly individualized responses, including alterations in steroid and pheromone levels and in bacterial and archaeal ecosystem structure and dynamics.

Conclusions

These findings may lead to next-generation precision beauty products and therapies for skin disorders.

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