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Maternal-Infant Supplementation with Small-Quantity Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements Does Not Affect Child Blood Pressure at 4-6 Y in Ghana: Follow-up of a Randomized Trial.

  • Author(s): Kumordzie, Sika M
  • Adu-Afarwuah, Seth
  • Young, Rebecca R
  • Oaks, Brietta M
  • Tamakloe, Solace M
  • Ocansey, Maku E
  • Okronipa, Harriet
  • Prado, Elizabeth L
  • Dewey, Kathryn G
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://academic.oup.com/jn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jn/nxy285/5315625
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Background:In the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS)-DYAD-Ghana trial, prenatal small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) had a positive effect on birth weight. Birth weight may be inversely related to blood pressure (BP) later in life. Objectives:We examined the effect of the intervention on BP at 4-6 y of age, and maternal and child factors related to BP. Methods:The iLiNS-DYAD-Ghana study was a partially double-blind, randomized controlled trial which assigned women (n = 1320) ≤20 weeks of gestation to daily supplementation with: 1) iron and folic acid during pregnancy and 200 mg Ca for 6 mo postpartum , 2) multiple micronutrients during pregnancy and postpartum, or 3) LNSs during pregnancy and postpartum plus LNSs for infants from 6 to 18 mo of age. At 4-6 y of age (n = 858, 70% of live births), we compared BP, a secondary outcome, between non-LNS and LNS groups and examined whether BP was related to several factors including maternal BP, child weight-for-age z score (WAZ), and physical activity. Results:Non-LNS and LNS groups did not differ in systolic (99.2 ± 0.4 compared with 98.5 ± 0.6 mm Hg; P = 0.317) or diastolic (60.1 ± 0.3 compared with 60.0 ± 0.4 mm Hg; P = 0.805) BP, or prevalence of high BP (systolic or diastolic BP ≥90th percentile of the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute reference: 31% compared with 28%; P = 0.251). BP at 4-6 y of age was positively related to birth weight; this relation was largely mediated through concurrent WAZ in a path model. Concurrent WAZ and maternal BP were the factors most strongly related to child BP. Conclusions:Despite greater birth weight in the LNS group, there was no intervention group difference in BP at 4-6 y. In this preschool population at high risk of adult hypertension based on BP at 4-6 y, high maternal BP and child WAZ were key factors related to BP. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00970866.

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