Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Grb2 Promotes integrin-induced focal adhesion kinase (FAK) autophosphorylation and directs the phosphorylation of protein tyrosine phosphatase α by the src-FAK kinase complex

  • Author(s): Cheng, SYS
  • Sun, G
  • Schlaepfer, DD
  • Pallen, CJ
  • et al.
Abstract

The integrin-activated Src-focal adhesion kinase (FAK) kinase complex phosphorylates PTPα at Tyr789, initiating PTPα-mediated signaling that promotes cell migration. Recruitment of the BCAR3-Cas complex by PTPα-phospho-Tyr789 at focal adhesions is one mechanism of PTPα signaling. The adaptor protein Grb2 is also recruited by PTPα-phospho-Tyr789, although the role of the PTPα-Grb2 complex in integrin signaling is unknown. We show that silencing Grb2 expression in fibroblasts abolishes PTPα-Tyr789 phosphorylation and that this is due to two unexpected actions of Grb2. First, Grb2 promotes integrin-induced autophosphorylation of FAK-Tyr397. This is impaired in Grb2-depleted cells and prohibits FAK activation and formation of the Src-FAK complex. Grb2-depleted cells contain less paxillin, and paxillin overexpression rescues FAK-Tyr397 phosphorylation, suggesting that the FAK-activating action of Grb2 involves paxillin. A second distinct role for Grb2 in PTPα-Tyr789 phosphorylation involves Grb2-mediated coupling of Src-FAK and PTPα. This requires two phosphosites, FAK-Tyr925 and PTPα-Tyr789, for Grb2-Src homology 2 (SH2) binding. We propose that a Grb2 dimer links FAK and PTPα, and this positions active Src-FAK in proximity with other, perhaps integrin-clustered, molecules of PTPα to enable maximal PTPα-Tyr789 phosphorylation. These findings identify Grb2 as a new FAK activator and reveal its essential role in coordinating PTPα tyrosine phosphorylation to enable downstream integrin signaling and migration. © 2014, American Society for Microbiology.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC Academic Senate's Open Access Policy. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View