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Factors related to client satisfaction with methadone maintenance treatment in China



This study examined clients' treatment satisfaction with the services provided by methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in China and explored relevant factors that are directly or indirectly associated with treatment satisfaction.


The study used baseline data from a randomized controlled trial conducted among 2,448 clients from 68 MMT clinics in five provinces of China. The participants reported their demographic characteristics, treatment-related factors, depressive symptoms, treatment progression, counseling rapport, and treatment satisfaction. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the direct and indirect relationships among various factors and treatment satisfaction.


Clients' demographic characteristics, such as older age, had both a direct effect on treatment satisfaction and an indirect effect mediated by counseling rapport. Depressive symptoms and a lack of social support had a direct negative impact on treatment satisfaction and an indirect effect mediated by treatment progression and counseling rapport. Both mediators: treatment progression (estimate=0.227, p<0.01) and counseling rapport (estimate=0.229, p<0.01), showed positive associations with treatment satisfaction.


The findings reiterate the complex nature of MMT clients' treatment satisfaction and its interrelationship with multidimensional factors. The study has implications for evaluating the quality of care provided by MMT programs and suggests several strategies that can potentially improve MMT clients' level of treatment satisfaction.

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