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Detection in analog sensor networks with a large scale antenna fusion center

  • Author(s): Jiang, Feng
  • Chen, Jie
  • Swindlehurst, A Lee
  • et al.
Abstract

We consider the distributed detection of a zero-mean Gaussian signal in an analog wireless sensor network with a fusion center (FC) configured with a large number of antennas. The transmission gains of the sensor nodes are optimized by minimizing the ratio of the log probability of detection (PD) and log probability of false alarm (PFA). We show that the problem is convex with respect to the squared norm of the transmission gains, and that a closed-form solution can be found using the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions. Our results indicate that a constant PD can be maintained with decreasing sensor transmit gain provided that the number of antennas increases at the same rate. This is contrasted with the case of a singleantenna FC, where PD is monotonically decreasing with transmit gain. On the other hand, we show that when the transmit power is high, the single-and multi-antenna FC both asymptotically achieve the same PD upper bound. © 2014 IEEE.

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