Integrin activation takes shape.
- Author(s): Liddington, RC;
- Ginsberg, MH
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.200206011
Integrins are cell surface adhesion receptors that are essential for the development and function of multicellular animals. Here we summarize recent findings on the regulation of integrin affinity for ligand (activation), one mechanism by which cells modulate integrin function. The focus is on the structural basis of integrin activation, the role of the cytoplasmic domain in integrin affinity regulation, and potential mechanisms by which activation signals are propagated from integrin cytoplasmic domains to the extracellular ligand-binding domain.