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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles: "Mobile Electricity" Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management


Hydrogen-fuel-cell vehicles (H2FCV) have been proposed as a potential solution to many transportation, energy, and environmental problems (e.g., [1-6]) and are receiving the attention of all of the world’s major automotive and energy companies. Nevertheless, currently expensive, of limited driving range per refueling, and lacking a refueling infrastructure, H2FCVs face similar challenges faced by past alternative-fuel vehicle (AFV) efforts, whose momentum typically could not be sustained over periods of low oil prices (e.g., [7, 8]). How might H2FCVs (or any AFV) succeed where past efforts have failed?

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