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Nanomaterials for treating cardiovascular diseases: A review.

  • Author(s): Jiang, Wensen
  • Rutherford, Dana
  • Vuong, Tiffany
  • Liu, Huinan
  • et al.
Abstract

Nanomaterials such as nanostructured surfaces, nanoparticles, and nanocomposites represent new viable sources for future therapeutics for cardiovascular diseases. The special properties of nanomaterials such as their intrinsic physiochemical properties, surface energy and surface topographies could actively enhance desirable cellular responses within the cardiovascular system, projecting a growing potential for clinical translation. Recent progress on nanomaterials opened up new opportunities for treating cardiovascular diseases. Successful translation of nanomaterials into cardiovascular applications requires a comprehensive understanding of both nanomaterials and biomedicine, and, thus, it is critical to stress current advancements on both sides. In this review, the authors introduced crucial fabrication techniques for promising nanomaterials for cardiovascular applications. This review highlighted the key elements to consider for their fabrication, properties and applications. The important concerns relevant to cardiovascular nanomaterials, such as cellular responses to nanomaterials and the toxicity of nanomaterials, are also discussed. This review provided an overview of necessary knowledge and key concerns on nanomaterials specific for treating cardiovascular diseases, from the perspectives of both material science and biomedicine.

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