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Real-World Scenario Improvements in Serum Phosphorus Levels and Pill Burden in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients Treated with Sucroferric Oxyhydroxide.

  • Author(s): Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar
  • Parameswaran, Vidhya
  • Ficociello, Linda H
  • Anderson, Ludmila
  • Ofsthun, Norma J
  • Kwoh, Christopher
  • Mullon, Claudy
  • Kossmann, Robert J
  • Coyne, Daniel W
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1159/000487856Creative Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license
Abstract

Background

A database analysis was conducted to assess the effectiveness of sucroferric oxyhydroxide (SO) on lowering serum phosphorus and phosphate binder (PB) pill burden among adult peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients prescribed SO as part of routine care.

Methods

Adult PD patients (n = 258) prescribed SO through a renal pharmacy service were analyzed. Baseline was 3 months before SO prescription. SO-treated follow-up was for 6 months or until either a new PB was prescribed, SO was not refilled, PD modality changed, or patient was discharged. In-range serum phosphorus was defined as ≤5.5 mg/dL.

Results

At baseline, mean serum phosphorus was 6.59 mg/dL with 10 prescribed PB pills/day. The proportion of patients achieving in-range serum phosphorus increased by 72% from baseline to month 6. Prescribed PB pills/day decreased by 57% (10 at baseline to 4.3 at SO follow-up, p < 0.0001). The mean length of SO follow-up was 5.1 months; SO follow-up ended for 38, 27, and 50 patients at months 4, 5, and 6, respectively, due to no further PB fills, and for 10, 11, and 4 patients at months 4, 5, and 6, respectively, due to another PB prescribed. In patients with baseline serum phosphorus >5.5 mg/dL who achieved in-range serum phosphorus during SO follow-up for ≥1 quarter, a notable improvement in serum phosphorus (6.54 to 5.10 mg/dL, p < 0.0001) was observed, and there was a 53% reduction in PB pill burden (9.9 to 4.7, p < 0.0001).

Conclusion

Among PD patients prescribed SO as part of routine care, improvements in serum phosphorus control and >50% reduction in PB pills/day were observed.

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