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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Mapping the conformational landscape of a dynamic enzyme by multitemperature and XFEL crystallography.

  • Author(s): Keedy, Daniel A
  • Kenner, Lillian R
  • Warkentin, Matthew
  • Woldeyes, Rahel A
  • Hopkins, Jesse B
  • Thompson, Michael C
  • Brewster, Aaron S
  • Van Benschoten, Andrew H
  • Baxter, Elizabeth L
  • Uervirojnangkoorn, Monarin
  • McPhillips, Scott E
  • Song, Jinhu
  • Alonso-Mori, Roberto
  • Holton, James M
  • Weis, William I
  • Brunger, Axel T
  • Soltis, S Michael
  • Lemke, Henrik
  • Gonzalez, Ana
  • Sauter, Nicholas K
  • Cohen, Aina E
  • van den Bedem, Henry
  • Thorne, Robert E
  • Fraser, James S
  • et al.

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Determining the interconverting conformations of dynamic proteins in atomic detail is a major challenge for structural biology. Conformational heterogeneity in the active site of the dynamic enzyme cyclophilin A (CypA) has been previously linked to its catalytic function, but the extent to which the different conformations of these residues are correlated is unclear. We monitored the temperature dependences of these alternative conformations with eight synchrotron datasets spanning 100-310 K. Multiconformer models show that many alternative conformations in CypA are populated only at 240 K and above, yet others remain populated or become populated at 180 K and below. These results point to a complex evolution of conformational heterogeneity between 180-240 K that involves both thermal deactivation and solvent-driven arrest of protein motions in the crystal. Together, our multitemperature analyses and XFEL data motivate a new generation of temperature- and time-resolved experiments to structurally characterize the dynamic underpinnings of protein function.

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