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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Molecular imaging of epidermal growth factor-receptor and survivin in vivo in porcine esophageal and gastric mucosae using probe-based confocal laser-induced endomicroscopy: proof of concept.

  • Author(s): Nakai, Y
  • Shinoura, S
  • Ahluwalia, A
  • Tarnawski, A S
  • Chang, K J
  • et al.
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License

Confocal laser-induced endomicroscopy (CLE) enables in vivo, real time visualization of the subsurface cells and tissue structures in gastrointestinal mucosa at a subcellular resolution of ≈1000x magnification. The aims of this pilot study were to establish a principle of molecular imaging and determine in vivo expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) and survivin in porcine esophageal and gastric mucosa using probe-based CLE (pCLE) and topically applied FITC-labeled antibodies. Studies were performed in anesthetized pigs. During endoscopy FITC-labeled antibodies against EGF-R and survivin were either sprayed onto esophageal and gastric mucosa in preselected areas or administered via submucosal injection. Thirty minutes later pCLE was performed using a through-the-scope probe (GastroFlex UHD, Cellvizio, Mauna Kea Technologies, Paris, France) to determine cellular and tissue localization of EGF-R and survivin. Then the pigs were euthanized and esophageal and gastric walls from the areas sprayed or injected with antibodies were collected for histologic examination under epifluorescence microscopy.

CLE enabled visualization of EGF-R and survivin in esophageal and gastric mucosa and this was confirmed by histology. In the esophagus both EGF-R and survivin were localized predominantly to the keratinocyte progenitor cells. In the stomach, EGF-R was localized to progenitor zone cells and some epithelial cells. Localization of survivin was similar, but involved more surface epithelial cells. This study demonstrated feasibility of using CLE and topical administration of FITC labeled antibodies for in vivo localization of EGF-R and survivin in esophageal and gastric mucosa.

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