A Bright Spatially-Coherent Compact X-ray Synchrotron Source
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A Bright Spatially-Coherent Compact X-ray Synchrotron Source

  • Author(s): Kneip, S;
  • McGuffey, C;
  • Martins, JL;
  • Martins, SF;
  • Bellei, C;
  • Chvykov, V;
  • Dollar, F;
  • Fonseca, R;
  • Huntington, C;
  • Kalintchenko, G;
  • Maksimchuk, A;
  • Mangles, SPD;
  • Matsuoka, T;
  • Nagel, SR;
  • Palmer, C;
  • Schreiber, J;
  • Phuoc, K Ta;
  • Thomas, AGR;
  • Yanovsky, V;
  • Silva, LO;
  • Krushelnick, K;
  • Najmudin, Z
  • et al.

Each successive generation of x-ray machines has opened up new frontiers in science, such as the first radiographs and the determination of the structure of DNA. State-of-the-art x-ray sources can now produce coherent high brightness keV x-rays and promise a new revolution in imaging complex systems on nanometre and femtosecond scales. Despite the demand, only a few dedicated synchrotron facilities exist worldwide, partially due the size and cost of conventional (accelerator) technology. Here we demonstrate the use of a recently developed compact laser-plasma accelerator to produce a well-collimated, spatially-coherent, intrinsically ultrafast source of hard x-rays. This method reduces the size of the synchrotron source from the tens of metres to centimetre scale, accelerating and wiggling a high electron charge simultaneously. This leads to a narrow-energy spread electron beam and x-ray source that is >1000 times brighter than previously reported plasma wiggler and thus has the potential to facilitate a myriad of uses across the whole spectrum of light-source applications.

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