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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Protein-protein interactions as a tool for site-specific labeling of proteins

  • Author(s): Jager, M
  • Michalet, X
  • Weiss, Shimon
  • et al.

Probing structures and dynamics within biomolecules using ensemble and single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer requires the conjugation of fluorophores to proteins in a site-specific and thermodynamically nonperturbative fashion. Using single-molecule fluorescence-aided molecular sorting and the chymotrypsin inhibitor 2-subtilisin BPN' complex as an example, we demonstrate that protein-protein interactions can be exploited to afford site-specific labeling of a recombinant double-cysteine variant of CI2 without the need for extensive and time-consuming chromatography. The use of protein protein interactions for site-specific labeling of proteins is compatible with and complementary to existing chemistries for selective labeling of N-terminal cysteines, and could be extended to label multiple positions within a given polypeptide chain.

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