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Genome sequence of the Thermotoga thermarum type strain (LA3T) from an African solfataric spring

  • Author(s): Göker, M
  • Spring, S
  • Scheuner, C
  • Anderson, I
  • Zeytun, A
  • Nolan, M
  • Lucas, S
  • Tice, H
  • Del Rio, TG
  • Cheng, JF
  • Han, C
  • Tapia, R
  • Goodwin, LA
  • Pitluck, S
  • Liolios, K
  • Mavromatis, K
  • Pagani, I
  • Ivanova, N
  • Mikhailova, N
  • Pati, A
  • Chen, A
  • Palaniappan, K
  • Land, M
  • Hauser, L
  • Chang, YJ
  • Jeffries, CD
  • Rohde, M
  • Detter, JC
  • Woyke, T
  • Bristow, J
  • Eisen, JA
  • Markowitz, V
  • Hugenholtz, P
  • Kyrpides, NC
  • Klenk, HP
  • Lapidus, A
  • et al.
Abstract

© Standards in Genomic Sciences, 2014. Thermotoga thermarum Windberger et al. 1989 is a member to the genomically well charac-terized genus Thermotoga in the phylum 'Thermotogae'. T. thermarum is of interest for its origin from a continental solfataric spring vs. predominantly marine oil reservoirs of other members of the genus. The genome of strain LA3T also provides fresh data for the phylogenomic positioning of the (hyper-)thermophilic bacteria. T. thermarum strain LA3T is the fourth sequenced genome of a type strain from the genus Thermotoga, and the sixth in the family Thermotogaceae to be formally described in a publication. Phylogenetic analyses do not reveal significant discrepancies between the current classification of the group, 16S rRNA gene data and whole-genome sequences. Nevertheless, T. thermarum significantly dif-fers from other Thermotoga species regarding its iron-sulfur cluster synthesis, as it contains only a minimal set of the necessary proteins. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 2,039,943 bp long chro-mosome with its 2,015 protein-coding and 51 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclo-pedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.

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