Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine
The Ultimate Poker Face: A Case Report of Facial Diplegia, a Guillain-Barré Variant
- Author(s): Lowe, Joshua
- Pfaff, James
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2020.2.45556
Introduction: Facial diplegia, a rare variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), is a challenging diagnosis to make in the emergency department due to its resemblance to neurologic Lyme disease.
Case report: We present a case of a 27-year-old previously healthy man who presented with bilateral facial paralysis.
Discussion: Despite the variance in presentation, the recommended standard of practice for diagnostics (cerebrospinal fluid albumin-cytological dissociation) and disposition (admission for observation, intravenous immunoglobulin, and serial negative inspiratory force) of facial diplegia are the same as for other presentations of GBS.
Conclusion: When presented with bilateral facial palsy emergency providers should consider autoimmune, infectious, idiopathic, metabolic, neoplastic, neurologic, and traumatic etiologies in addition to the much more common neurologic Lyme disease.