UC Santa Cruz
Dual number-based variational data assimilation: Constructing exact tangent linear and adjoint code from nonlinear model evaluations.
- Author(s): Mattern, Jann Paul
- Edwards, Christopher A
- Hill, Christopher N
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223131
Dual numbers allow for automatic, exact evaluation of the numerical derivative of high-dimensional functions at an arbitrary point with minimal coding effort. We use dual numbers to construct tangent linear and adjoint model code for a biogeochemical ocean model and apply it to a variational (4D-Var) data assimilation system when coupled to a realistic physical ocean circulation model with existing data assimilation capabilities. The resulting data assimilation system takes modestly longer to run than its hand-coded equivalent but is considerably easier to implement and updates automatically when modifications are made to the biogeochemical model, thus making its maintenance with code changes trivial.