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Effect of Age on the Association of Vascular Access Type with Mortality in a Cohort of Incident End-Stage Renal Disease Patients.

  • Author(s): Saleh, Tarek
  • Sumida, Keiichi
  • Molnar, Miklos Z
  • Potukuchi, Praveen K
  • Thomas, Fridtjof
  • Lu, Jun Ling
  • Gyamlani, Geeta G
  • Streja, Elani
  • Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar
  • Kovesdy, Csaba P
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1159/000477271Creative Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license
Abstract

All hemodialysis (HD) patients are generally recommended to create a fistula first; but to create a mature arteriovenous fistula (AVF) can be challenging in elderly individuals. It is unclear if elderly incident HD patients derive a survival benefit from an AVF over an arteriovenous graft (AVG) or a tunneled central venous catheter (TDC).We examined the association of vascular access type (AVF, AVG, and TDC with and without a maturing AVF/AVG at dialysis transition) at HD initiation with all-cause, cardiovascular (CV), and infection-related mortality in 46,786 US veterans using Cox models with adjustment for confounders. Effect modification by age was examined by examining associations in pre-specified age subgroups (<60, 60-<70, 70-<80, and ≥80 years old), and by including interaction terms.Patients numbering 8,940 (19%) started HD with an AVF, 1,090 (3%) with an AVG, 8,262 (18%) with a TDC and a maturing AVF/AVG and 28,494 (61%) with a TDC without a maturing AVF/AVG. A total of 13,303 all-cause, 4,392 CV, and 1,058 infection-related deaths were observed in the first year after HD transition. Compared to patients with AVF, those with AVG and TDC with and without maturing AVF/AVG had incrementally higher overall risk of all-cause mortality and CV mortality. Only TDC use was associated with higher infection-associated mortality. These associations were not modified by age.Although most of our patients consisted of male veterans and the results may not be generalized to the general population, the use of TDCs is associated with poor outcomes even in the most elderly incident HD patients.

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