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Prevention of cisplatin-induced hearing loss by extended release fluticasone propionate intracochlear implants.


OBJECTIVE:Cisplatin is a chemotherapeutic drug known to induce hearing loss. Although corticosteroids may help to mitigate the ototoxic side effects of cisplatin, there are complications associated with their systemic and prolonged use. The goal of this study is to test the efficacy of extended-release fluticasone propionate intracochlear implant particles to protect against cisplatin-induced hearing loss. METHODS:We used guinea pigs (n = 9) injected with cisplatin (IP, 12 mg/kg weight). Fluticasone particles were delivered to the cochlear scala tympani through the round window membrane into the right ears of the guinea pigs (left ears being used as a control) two weeks prior to cisplatin administration, and hearing function was evaluated by ABR and DPOAE before implantation, immediately before cisplatin administration, and 2 weeks after the challenge with cisplatin. Data was statistically evaluated using paired t-test analysis. RESULTS:No significant differences were observed in ABR threshold between control and implanted ears on day 14 (23.9 ± 2.3 dB vs. 25.6 ± 1.3 dB, P = 0.524), whereas the significant cisplatin-induced hearing loss in control animals (23.9 ± 2.3 dB at day 14 vs. 40.7 ± 2.5 dB at day 28, P ≤ 0.0001) was prevented in implanted animals (25.6 ± 1.3 dB at day 14 vs. 25.0 ± 3.1 at day 28, P ≥ 0.85). A similar, though not statistically significant, trend was observed in DPOAE responses in untreated ears (7.9 ± 5.8 dB at day14 vs. -0.5 ± 5.3 dB at day 28, P = 0.654) as compared to treatment (11.1 ± 3.4 dB at day 14 vs. 13.6 ± 4.8 dB at day 28, P = 0.733). CONCLUSION:These results suggest that fluticasone intracochlear implants are safe and able to provide effective otoprotection against cisplatin-induced hearing loss in the guinea pig model.

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