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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Involuntary Mobility, Gender, and Travel Demand Management in Metropolitan Phoenix


Metropolitan Phoenix is an international exemplar of a low-density, automobile-dependent city where car travel is required to conduct daily activities (Newman and Kenworthy 1989). Population growth, political pressure for new highway construction, and efforts to manage travel demand for air quality improvement purposes coexist. The paper focuses on how people and institutions have created this distinctive urban travel landscape and on some of its key consequences for travel behavior.

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