Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis Precipitated by SGLT-2 Inhibitor Use, Pericarditis, and Fasting: A Case Report
- Author(s): Mendelsohn, Rebecca A.
- Taveras, Anabelle N.
- Mazer, Benjamin A.
- Clayton, Lisa M.
- et al.
Introduction: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Less prevalent is euglycemic DKA (eDKA)—DKA with serum glucose less than 200 mg/dL; however, it is increasing in frequency with the introduction of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors for treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Case Report: We report a case of SGLT-2 inhibitor-associated eDKA presenting with concurrent acute pericarditis.
Discussion: Our case suggests that the cause of eDKA can be multifactorial when decreased oral intake occurs in the setting of an acute cause of physiologic stress.
Conclusion: Prompt recognition of eDKA in the emergency department may allow earlier diagnosis and treatment directed at one or more of its underlying causes.