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Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis Precipitated by SGLT-2 Inhibitor Use, Pericarditis, and Fasting: A Case Report

  • Author(s): Mendelsohn, Rebecca A.
  • Taveras, Anabelle N.
  • Mazer, Benjamin A.
  • Clayton, Lisa M.
  • et al.
Creative Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license
Abstract

Introduction: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Less prevalent is euglycemic DKA (eDKA)—DKA with serum glucose less than 200 mg/dL; however, it is increasing in frequency with the introduction of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors for treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Case Report: We report a case of SGLT-2 inhibitor-associated eDKA presenting with concurrent acute pericarditis.

Discussion: Our case suggests that the cause of eDKA can be multifactorial when decreased oral intake occurs in the setting of an acute cause of physiologic stress.

Conclusion: Prompt recognition of eDKA in the emergency department may allow earlier diagnosis and treatment directed at one or more of its underlying causes.

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