Skip to main content
Age of onset of hypertension and risk of dementia in the oldest-old: The 90+ Study.
- Author(s): Corrada, María M;
- Hayden, Kathleen M;
- Paganini-Hill, Annlia;
- Bullain, Szofia S;
- DeMoss, Jaime;
- Aguirre, Colette;
- Brookmeyer, Ron;
- Kawas, Claudia H
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2016.09.007
IntroductionWe investigated the association between age of onset of hypertension and dementia risk in an oldest-old cohort.
MethodsParticipants are from The 90+ Study, a population-based longitudinal study of people aged 90+ who are survivors from the Leisure World Cohort Study. We estimated hypertension onset age using self-reported information from The 90+ Study and Leisure World Cohort Study, collected about 20 years earlier. A total of 559 participants without dementia were followed every 6 months for up to 10 years.
ResultsA total of 224 participants developed dementia during follow-up (mean = 2.8 years). Compared with those without hypertension, participants whose hypertension onset age was 80 to 89 years had a lower dementia risk (hazard ratio = 0.58, P = .04) and participants with an onset age of 90+ years had the lowest risk (hazard ratio = 0.37, P = .004).
DiscussionDeveloping hypertension at older ages may protect against dementia. Understanding the mechanisms for this lower risk is important for determining ways to prevent dementia in the very elderly.
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.