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The Uniqueness of the West Reinforced: A Reply to Beckwith, Goldstone, and Turchin

  • Author(s): Duchesne, Ricardo
  • et al.

This paper defends the ‘Kurgan hypothesis,’ the uniqueness of the epic heroic poetry of Indo-Europeans, and the uniqueness of Western civilization generally. The term ‘uniqueness’ is defined and associated with cultural creativity rather than with global economic and military dominance only.

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