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Open Access Publications from the University of California

A tungsten external heater for BX90 diamond anvil cells with a range up to 1700 K.

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Resistive heating of a sample in a diamond anvil cell (DAC) can generate a homogeneous temperature field across the sample chamber with reliable temperatures measured by a thermocouple. It is of importance in experiments aiming at exploring phase diagrams and quantifying thermoelastic properties of materials. Here, we present a ring-heater design developed for BX90 diamond anvil cells (DACs). It is made of a ring-shaped aluminum oxide holder hosting a tungsten wire coil inside and coupled with Ar + 2% H2 gas to prevent oxidation during experiment. This modular plug-and-play design enables in situ studies of samples via x-ray diffraction up to a temperature of 1700 K. Temperature in the BX90 sample volume as measured through a thermocouple was calibrated using the melting point of gold. As an application of this design, we report the thermal expansion coefficient of MgO at 9.5(1) GPa.

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