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The Association Between Habitual Sleep Duration and Blood Pressure Control in United States (US) Adults with Hypertension.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.2147/ibpc.s359444
PurposeThis study examined the relationship between habitual sleep duration and blood pressure (BP) control in adults with hypertension.
MethodsThis cross-sectional study used data of 5163 adults with hypertension obtained from the 2015-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the association between habitual sleep duration and BP control. Habitual sleep duration was self-reported and defined as the amount of sleep usually obtained in a night or main sleep period during weekdays or workdays. It was categorized as <6, 6 - <7, 7-9, and >9 hours. BP control was defined as average systolic BP <130mmHg and diastolic BP <80mmHg.
ResultsResults from the fully adjusted models show that among all adults with hypertension, habitual sleep duration of <6 hours night/main sleep period was associated with reduced odds of BP control (OR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0ss.37-0.76, P = 0.001) when compared to 7-9 hours. In the subpopulation of adults who were on antihypertensive medication, those with a sleep duration of <6 hours had lower odds of BP control than those with a sleep duration of 7-9 hours (OR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.36-0.77, P = 0.002). No significant differences were noted in all adults with hypertension and in the subpopulation of those on antihypertensive medication in BP control between the reference sleep duration group (7-9 hours) and the 6 - <7 or >9 hours groups. There were no significant differences across age groups or gender in the relationship between habitual sleep duration and BP control.
ConclusionSleep duration of <6 hours is associated with reduced odds of hypertension control. These significant findings indicate that interventions to support adequate habitual sleep duration may be a promising addition to the current hypertension management guidelines.
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