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Dietary intakes, obesity and health behaviors in Native Hawaiians residing in Southern California.
ObjectivesAccessing dietary intakes, body mass index (BMI) and health behaviors in Native Hawaiians residing in Southern California.
DesignCross-sectional, community based participatory research.
ParticipantsNative Hawaiian (N = 55); Mean age 59 (± 15).
Main outcome measuresDiet, body mass index (BMI), and diet/exercise health behaviors. Collected diet via 24-hr dietary recalls, health behaviors through questionnaires and BMI via measurement/self-report.
AnalysisFrequencies/means and multiple linear regression were used to assess diet, BMI, and health behaviors.
ResultsNearly 90% of the participants were either overweight or obese. Less than 20% met the vegetable, fruit, fiber, and whole grain recommendations. Most were a little or somewhat sure (relative to almost always sure) about their ability "to stick with an exercise program when attending a cultural gathering", and "when visiting Hawai'i".
Conclusions and implicationsThese results suggest that developing a culturally-based education program to reduce obesity and improve diet is critical for Native Hawaiians residing in Southern California.
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