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Open Access Publications from the University of California

[99mTc]MAG3-mannosyl-dextran: a receptor-binding radiopharmaceutical for sentinel node detection


Technetium-99m-labeled benzoyl-mercaptoacetylglycylglycyl-glycine-mannosyl-dextran ([(99m)Tc]MAG(3)-mannosyl-dextran) is a receptor-binding radiotracer that binds to mannose-binding protein, a receptor expressed by recticuloendothelial tissue. This agent is composed of a 10.5-kilodalton molecule of dextran and multiple units of mannose, and benzoyl-mercaptoacetylglycylglycyl-glycine (BzMAG(3)). The tetraflorophenol-activated ester of BzMAG(3) and the imidate of thiomannose were used to covalently attach BzMAG(3) and mannose to an amino-terminated conjugate of dextran. This yielded a 19-kilodalton macromolecule consisting of 3 BzMAG(3) and 21 mannose units per dextran. Dynamic light scattering was used to measure a mean diameter of 5.5 nanometers for BzMAG(3)-mannosyl-dextran and 0.28 microns for filtered Tc-99m sulfur colloid. A preliminary sentinel node detection study employing right fore and hind footpad injections of [(99m)Tc]MAG(3)-mannosyl-dextran and left fore and hind footpad injections of filtered Tc-99m sulfur colloid demonstrated greater sentinel lymph node uptake by the receptor-binding agent.

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