Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC San Diego

UC San Diego Previously Published Works bannerUC San Diego

Short T2 imaging using a 3D double adiabatic inversion recovery prepared ultrashort echo time cones (3D DIR-UTE-Cones) sequence.

Published Web Location Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license


To investigate high contrast imaging of short T2 tissues with a three-dimensional double adiabatic inversion recovery prepared ultrashort echo time Cones (3D DIR-UTE-Cones) sequence.


The sequence used two sequential adiabatic inversion pulses to suppress signals from long T2 tissues, followed by multispoke UTE acquisition to detect signals from short T2 tissues. The two adiabatic inversion pulses are identical with a center frequency located at the water peak, but the spectral width is broad enough to cover both water and fat frequencies. The feasibility of this technique was demonstrated through numerical simulation and phantom studies. Finally, DIR-UTE-Cones was applied to three healthy volunteers to image cortical bone, patellar tendon, and Achilles tendon. T2* was also measured via single-component exponential fitting.


Numerical simulation suggests that the DIR technique provides perfect nulling of muscle and fat as well as efficient suppression of other long T2 tissues with T1 values between fat and water or those above water. Excellent image contrast can be achieved with DIR-UTE-Cones for the short T2 tissues, with fitted T2* values of 0.28-0.38 ms for cortical bone, 0.56 ± 0.07 ms for the patella tendon, and 0.45 ± 0.06 ms for the Achilles tendon, respectively.


The 3D DIR-UTE-Cones sequence provides robust suppression of long T2 tissues and allows selective imaging as well as T2* measurement of short T2 tissues such as cortical bone, patellar tendon, and the Achilles tendon. Magn Reson Med 79:2555-2563, 2018. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View